The disease commonly occurs in freshwater creatures but most likely in the aquarium snails. It is because of the non-optimal environment for the fish. If you have a snail in your aquarium and you don’t provide a suitable temperature and cleanliness, then it will likely be attacked by the protozoa that cause the ich.
Snails don’t actually get and carry ich but they will carry it. Ich will attach to the snails shell and will then possibly be spread around your aquarium. If your fish are healthy they shouldn’t have any issues.
The Life Cycle Of Ich
The ich on the snail infects in three stages. These are
- Feeding stage
It is the primary stage of the attack. The active protozoan also is known as trophont feed in a nodule that it forms on the skin of the snail or stays inhabited on the shell. The snail carries it and when touch to gravel or other fish transfer the trophont to it.
- Dividing stage
In this stage, the trophont falls and becomes the tomite. In this level, it divides and starts adhering to nets, gravel, or other objects present in the aquarium.
- Binary fission
The tomite, after attaching to the object, becomes more active and divide ten times more through the process known as binary fission. At this stage, it produces the theronts. It divides so fastly and starts attacking fish and snails.
The conditions that cause the spreading of protozoa
The life cycle starts when the protozoa get optimal conditions. That is the 25-degree temperature of the water is ideal for the division. In that case, it starts dividing, and in eight days, the life cycle completes.
Causes of ich attack
Ich is a common disease among the aquarium pets. According to experts, ich is present in the aquarium environment. There are several reasons due to which snails carry the parasites. The research shows that almost all creatures in the aquarium get the ich and suffer from the disease. The causes of getting the ich in the snail are
Inappropriate water temperature
- Transfer from one creature to other
- Improper diet
- Unhealthy conditions
- Dirty environment
Symptoms of ich in snails
When the snails get or carry the snails, they show unusual behaviour. In the start the ich is present on the snail shell afterwards it may attack the whole body. The common symptoms of the ich disease in the fish or snail are
- Rapid breathing
- Loss of appetite
- Hide abnormally behind decorations
- Rubbing against the objects
- Stay near the surface.
Treatment Strategies For Ich Disease
Protozoans are treated at the tomite stage. It is because during encapsulation they are inert and cannot be released. So, when the caretaker suspects that there is an attack of ich to snail or other fish. It is important for him to raise the temperature to about 25 to 30 degrees. In this range, the protozoan releases quickly and start dividing. Moreover, they complete their life cycle quickly.
- Tank shifting method
The treatment needs care as the primary purpose is to get rid of ich, not the snail. So, one has to use the quarantine tank, remove all the fish and raise the temperature to 80-degree centigrade so that all encapsulated fish in the tank attached to the objects die due to high temperature.
It is important to make sure all objects are cleared, and not a single parasite exists in the object. It is because if we shift the snail on the tank, it may get infected and the whole cycle will start again. Therefore, the caretaker has to observe keenly and must be sure that the tank is free of the infectious agent.
- Chemicals for ich treatment
To treat the ich chemically, first one must be aware of it using directions. Moreover, it must not be harmful to fish or snail health. The common chemicals that are best to get rid of ich and non-toxic for the aquatic creatures are
- Malachite green
- Methylene blue
- Sodium chloride
- Quinine hydrochloride
Point to ponder
- When someone uses the formalin, he should use the freshly prepared formalin. It is because the stored formalin gets converted to paraformaldehyde that is dangerous for the aquatic animals. So, be careful. Use the fresh one to kill ich only. The indication about formalin is that it is a clear solution while the paraformaldehyde has white precipitates.
- Similarly, while administering the malachite green, you should adjust the strength according to the fish species in your tank.
- When you are using the malachite green or formalin, it is important to remove carbon from the filter.
- Shut down any UV filters if your aquarium has for sterilizations.
- Moreover, remove protein skimmers as well. It is because the presence of these can remove the medicine and lead to treatment failure.
How To Prevent Ich Infection?
Ich is a common disease, but it is to prevent. If you get the snail with ich, then you can get trouble. Therefore, to avoid hassle and prevent the aquarium creature from this parasitic disease, you must apply the following preventive measure.
- Try to keep the fish and snails that are free of the parasite. When you purchase these creatures make sure that they don’t contain the infecting agents on the.
- Don’t buy the snail from the tank that has a disease or got the death of fish. It is because there are chances that your snail carries the parasite.
- Before you introduce snail to the main tank, keep in the quarantine tank to check that is it healthy or not.
- Keep the temperature, pH and other nutrient value stable.
- Feed healthy food to snail and fish. Avoid overfeeding as the leftover food gets infected and becomes the cause of spreading disease.
Ich is quite common in aquarium animals. So, the caretaker must keep check o tank and immediate start treatment if he gets any sign of ich in the tank.