The red pest disease is one of the common illnesses that affect goldfish. It is a disease that causes bloody streaks to appear on the fins, tail, and body of fish. This condition can cause a significant deterioration in the overall living quality of goldfish; hence, a need for rapid treatment action.
Red pest disease is easy to treat depending on your approach and the condition of the tank. First off, move the affected fish into the sickbay or quarantine tank and add five teaspoons of non-iodized salt per gallon. You should also add standard bacterial medication since the disease is most likely as a result of bacterial infection.
The water condition of the tank is also a significant factor that can determine how the disease will thrive in the tank. Bacterial infections are not common in clean aquarium tanks; you can, therefore, prevent these diseases by ensuring that your aquarium tank is kept clean at all times.
What Is Red Pest Disease?
Red pest disease is a disease that significantly affects the general welfare of fish. The condition causes red spots on fins and tails of fish, thus allowing it to appear like the fish is bleeding. These bloody streaks can appear on fish fins, tail, and body of the fish.
The bloody streak does not have to appear in all the parts before you know it is red pest disease. It sometimes affects only either the body or fins. The causative bacteria agent of this disease is an opportunistic bacterium and often gets a hold on weakened fish.
These streaks could proceed to become ulceration, and it can consequently lead to fin and tail rot. In severe cases, the decay can cause tails and fins to fall off entirely.
Red pest disease mostly affects weakened fish or fishes that are living under a poor water condition. It is sporadic for red spot disease to affect healthy fish living under healthy conditions in a clean tank. It is not a contagious disease, and other fishes cannot be infected.
Causes Of Goldfish Red Pest Disease
Red spot disease in goldfish is mostly as a result of bacterial infection and poor water quality. In most cases, these two factors can complement each other to make goldfish susceptible. Ordinarily, these causative bacteria cannot get hold of healthy fishes, and poor water quality can affect the health of the fish.
Red pest disease can be a result of infection from a bacterium known as Bacterium cyprinid, which is an opportunistic organism that cannot affect healthy fishes. Bacterium cyprinid is a pathogenic bacterium common in aquariums, ponds, and other aquatic environments.
Likewise, red spot disease can also be caused by a fungus known as Aphanomyces invadans. It is typical for showing red lesions or bleeding streaks; it can result in deep ulcers. Aside from the fact that this fungus can cause red spot disease on its own, it can also make room for secondary bacterial infection.
Also, non-living factors can be responsible for the red spot disease in fish. Poor water conditions, poor feeding, high level of ammonia, high nitrate level, and other water parameters can significantly affect red spot disease in goldfish.
Ammonia poisoning is one of the most significant factors that can make goldfish susceptible to red spot disease. Ammonia poisoning happens when the nitrogen cycle of the tank is offset by the increase in the tank’s pH. The deterioration caused by ammonia is evident because of the red streaks or bloody patches on their body and fins.
Severe ammonia poisoning can also lead to damage to the brain, central nervous system, and other internal organs of the fish.
Treatment Of Red Spot Disease In Goldfish
First off, you should improve the quality of the water and the overall cleanliness of the tank. You can carry out some water testing to know the exact area where you need to improve the water parameters. You might not necessarily have to isolate the affected fish because the disease is not contagious.
The essence of improving the water and tank quality of fishes is to reduce the susceptibility of the fish. You can achieve this by carrying out a regular cleaning routine. You can also change about 50% of the water. Likewise, ensure your filter is in perfect condition, and ammonia level is also under check and balance.
You cannot wholly trust external treatment of red spot conditions. This lack of confidence is because the disease itself is internal. The use of antibiotics is one of the best ways to treat red spot disease internally. You can mix the flake food of the fish with suitable antibiotics.
Adding just 1% of antibiotics to the food of goldfish is the ideal quantity, but you might have to increase it a little bit in severe cases. It is not advisable to use a more potent dose if the situation is not critical to avoid unwanted side effects. Goldfish might not want to eat medicated food ordinarily; therefore, the best thing to do is to starve them a little bit before feeding them.
Recommended Antibiotics For Treatment
There are a variety of antibiotics that can be active as internal medication for red spot disease. Tetracycline and chloromycetin [chloramphenicol] are the two most common antibiotics that are effective in the treatment of red spot disease. The concentration of these antibiotics is also crucial in determining how effective it will work.
If for some reason, the fish fails to ingest the food, you can add the antibiotics directly into the tank. You can add 10mg of antibiotics per 1 liter of water. This method is, however, not as effective as mixing antibiotics with fish food.
You can also clean the tank with fish disinfectants like acriflavine [trypaflavine] and monacolin [mono aminoacridine] to water if you perceive the presence of the red pest in the tank. You should, however, discontinue the use of antibiotics if the fish are not comfortable with it.
Red spot disease in goldfish can be a significant cause of concern to aquarium owners. It is life-threatening and can result in the overall deterioration of fish life. Nevertheless, this disease can remain under check by ensuring that your fish live under perfect conditions. You can also get rid of this disease with the simple use of antibiotics.