Angelfish are one of the most recognized and popularly known freshwater fish in the aquarium sector. Angelfish, also known as Pterophyllum, is a freshwater fish genus that belongs to the Cichlidae family. The fish are relatively easy to take care of and are hardy, able to withstand some conditions.
Angelfish can lay an egg as frequently as possible when they reach their maturity stage, about 6 to 12 years of age. They can lay eggs every 7 to 10 days, provided you pack the eggs away. If you do not remove the egg, they will lay the egg until the eggs mature and probably hatch.
How do you Know When Angelfish Are Ready To Lay Eggs?
There are several ways you can yell your angelfish is full of eggs and ready to lay them. These ways range from checking their behavior and their physical appearance. When angelfish are ready to lay eggs, they start to exhibit and behave somehow and begin to change in appearance.
Signs your angelfish is ready to lay eggs are
- Protruded Belly : The first thing you will notice in your angelfish is the protruded belly, which you will quickly see when you view them from above. The angel fish’s tummy starts to become big, showing that it is full of eggs and is ready to lay them. When you notice the protruded belly, you should start to get prepared and alert as it’s time to conceive near.
- Gravid Spot : Another thing you will notice is the angelfish is the gravid spot. Although this does not necessarily happen due to eggs in your angelfish, it occurs most times. The gravid spot displayed attracts males for fertilization.
Angelfish are not live-bearers; they lay eggs and get the eggs fertilized by a male outside their body. The displayed gravid spot attracts males for fertilization, which means your female angelfish is ready to lay its eggs for fertilization. You have to get prepared for the incoming eggs when you notice the gravid spot.
As for behavioral signs, you will notice the female angelfish’s inactivity and laziness when it is full of eggs and ready to lay them. They also tend to become aggressive to other tank mates as they bear the stress of pregnancy. You will notice that the angelfish starts to keep specific places in the tank clean; the angelfish will lay the eggs in these places.
Another behavioral sign is the angelfish will start to pair with male angelfish. They will also begin grooming each other. Whenever you notice these signs, you should know your angelfish is full of eggs and ready to lay them.
If you cannot keep watch over them to notice these behaviors, you can also calculate their delivery date by taking note of when they started developing eggs. Angelfish can carry matured eggs for two weeks; they will lay the eggs before or after the elapses.
When you notice the angelfish is pregnant with eggs, you can start your countdown of two weeks. After the countdown, the angelfish would have the eggs laid already or will almost be laying the eggs. With all conditions equal, you can be sure of your angelfish’s laying time.
How Long does it Take for Angelfish Eggs to Hatch?
It does not take much time for your angelfish eggs to hatch after delivery. After the male lays the egg and the male fertilizes them, it would take up to 36-48 hours for the eggs to hatch, which is about a day or two. You will start to notice a change in the egg’s appearance after 24 hours.
These will only work if you meet the water and environmental conditions for the eggs to hatch. With a harsh and adverse condition for hatching, the eggs might not hatch, or worse, the embryo might die. You have to meet the adequate requirements needed for the healthy growth and hatching of the eggs.
Do Angelfish Breed Easily?
Checking various factors and attributes that surround the breeding process, angelfish are relatively easy to breed compared to other fish species. Although providing adequate conditions is necessary, angelfish still breed without posing much stress to the aquarist. It can also be fun watching them breed as they hatch and grow into adult angelfish.
To ensure easy and convenient breeding of your angelfish, you have to follow specific steps. These steps include;
- Set up the tank:You have to set up the tank that will accommodate your breeding angelfish. Try to choose an above 20 gallons tank for the easy and convenient pairing of your fish. Angelfish will not breed in cramped quarters. Therefore, you should ensure you get a tank large enough to accommodate them.
- Set the pH of the Water:The right pH of water is necessary for the breeding of your angelfish. Angelfish will not breed in waters with extreme pH values. Ensure the aquarium water pH falls between 6.0 and 8.0 as they prefer slightly acidic, or basic waters.
- Set the watertemperature: The water temperature is also essential when preparing a tank for your angelfish. Angelfish are very hardy and will tolerate a wide range of temperatures during breeding, but they will do best in waters with adequate temperature. The temperature of the water should range from 780F to 860F.
- Set a good filtering system:You also need an excellent filtering system in the tank for your angelfish to breed conveniently. Angelfish are ideal for strong currents. Therefore, you should be careful about choosing a high flow filter for the tank, which could tire them out easily. You can use a gravel filter, sponge filter, or both, which will allow enough energy for your fish and also prevent the sucking of small fry into the filter.
- Feed them properly:This condition is also vital, as an ill-fed angelfish will produce no good eggs. They are not a very picky kind of fish when it comes to food, so they won’t give you much stress on what they will eat. Ensure you feed them at least 2 to 3 times a day.
What do I do when my Angelfish Lay Eggs?
After your angelfish lays its eggs, you have to take care of the eggs. Your angelfish might not be able to protect and care for the eggs well, especially in a community tank. You have to care for the eggs and protect them from other tank mates, even their parents.
The best way to take care of the eggs is to remove them from the tank. After taking them from the tank, you will have to take care of them on your own till they hatch. The eggs are safer this way.
Does the Male or Female Angelfish Guard the Eggs?
The male and female all go through laying and hatching the eggs playing their part. The female prepares the place for laying the egg while the male assists after the female lays the egg; the male guards the egg against fishes that eat eggs.
This act happens in the wild, but is not very common in captivity. You wouldn’t want to risk hundreds of eggs with a gamble, would you?
Why Does my Angelfish Have a Big Belly?
There are several reasons for a swollen belly in your angelfish, which does not necessarily mean trouble or danger. Most times, a big belly in angelfish indicates that the fish is pregnant and full of eggs. It can also depict a disease or a result of indigestion, but it is often a sign of pregnancy.
Why Did my Angelfish Eggs Turn White?
When angelfish eggs turn white, there is a high chance that the eggs will not hatch into fish. Sometimes, this occurs due to a fungus attack on the eggs. It can also happen if the male did not fertilize the eggs, making them sterile and unable to hatch into baby angelfish.
What do Angelfish Lay Their Eggs on?
Angelfish can lay their egg on several surfaces, provided it is flat and horizontal. Surfaces of leaves and other flat surfaces will make the right place for them to lay their eggs. They will also clean the surface of the leaves or structure before laying and fertilizing the eggs.
How Do You Prevent Angelfish Eggs From Getting Fungus?
It is common for fungus to attack your angelfish eggs even when fertilized, but you have to prevent this from occurring or happening if you want a happy ending for them. To avoid the fungus attack, you should treat the water with methylene blue. It will keep the fungus away from your eggs.
Should I remove Angelfish Eggs?
There are various types of angelfish, but they all require the same process for breeding and hatching. It is best you remove the eggs from the tank, though you can leave it there at the mercy of the parent’s protection. You can remove them from the tank and raise them separately in another tank.
Can Angelfish Change Gender?
Freshwater angelfish do not change gender like other breeds. There has been a misconception about gender change because there are two types of angelfish; the freshwater angelfish and the saltwater angelfish. Freshwater angelfish cannot change gender, the blackspot angelfish can change gender, and it does that for a reason.
The angelfish can lay an egg every 7 to 10 days if you pack the eggs out of the tank. When it sees the egg, it will take responsibility for taking care of it and not spawn. But when you pack the eggs out, it will be forced to spawn again, thereby providing you with many offspring.