Can You Put A Male And Female Betta Together

Bettas are very attractive and popular fish to keep, they are also very territorial and aggressive, especially males.  If you are thinking of adding a second betta to yout aquarium there are a few things you need to know.

Can You Put A Male And Female Betta Together

Can You Put A Male And Female Betta Together?

It is not recommended to put a male and female betta together in the same tank as they are most likely to fight and possible kill each other because these fish are typically very agressive.

Having said that there is a small chance of it working and should only be attempted by experienced fish keepers.

It would be best if you also had in mind that the bettas will prefer to be kept in different aquariums rather than in the same aquariums.  You could keep them in the same tank and use a divider so they can not get to each other.

If you want to give it a go you will need to monitor them frequently to make sure they are not fighting, you will need to follow the below tips.

How Do You Introduce a Female Betta to a Male??

Adding the female betta fish to the male betta’s tank doesn’t require a specific time or season. It only depends on the situation of things at that moment.

Suppose you do not have more than a tank, you can add the female betta to the male betta’s tank anytime it is needed. Since the ratio is 1:1, it is safe to add the fish to the tank. Male bettas have a preference for female bettas. This preference does not last for a lifetime.

You can also add your female betta to a male betta’s tank when they are both little. When they grow old together, the male betta would have been accustomed to sharing his space with the female betta. The male betta would have grown to have a company.

The best time to add a female betta to a male betta’s tank is during the mating season. Adding the female betta to the tank when she’s ready to mate is very much appreciated by the male and the female betta.

When the female betta starts showing signs that she is ready to mate with the male betta, you should put her in the male’s tank to mate with the male. There isn’t much aggression or territorial behavior in this situation.

How Many Female Bettas Can You Have With a Male?

If you plan to keep female bettas with a male you should only introduce one female to one male.  Betta fish love their own space and can become stressed if you introduce other fish in to their space.

If you add more females to the tank then it will just increase the stress levels in the male fish.

By adding just one female betta you have more of a chance of them getting on.

How Long Does It Take For a Male And Female Betta To Mate?

After introducing a female betta to a male it usually takes between 10 – 24 hours for them to mate if certain conditions are met. If the female is not interested in mating you should remove her from the tank.

When you add a female to a male betta tank the male will create a “Bubble Nest” if he is interested in mating.  A bubble nest is a nest that the male betta creates from its saliva.  The bubble nest will be used to store and protect the eggs if the female is interested in breeding.

Once the bubble nest is completed the female will inspect the nest.  If she is not interested she might destroy the nest, If this happens you will need to remove her from the tank.

If the female is intrested in breeding she will release the eggs in to the nest where they are then fertilized by the male.

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Difference Between a Male And a Female Betta

A male betta is distinct from a female betta. There are several features and differences between female and male bettas. Generally, bettas are colorful and beautiful, but there are other features they possess that make them unique. Here are some of the characteristics;

  • Aggressiveness : Bettas are generally territorial. They are aggressive when it comes to claiming and defending territories. Males are more aggressive than females. Males show their aggression, especially during a mating season where they compete for a mating partner. Bettas are so aggressive that they do not recognize their image in a reflection. They become aggressive to their reflection created by a mirror.
  • Fins : Male and female bettas have different sizes of fins. The male’s fin is always thicker, and longer than that of the female. The male’s fin is twice and sometimes three times that of the female.  Varieties of betta have different types of caudal fins. In some, the male has shorter caudal fins while the female has the longer one and vice versa. The males’ ventral fins are always thicker and longer than that of the females.
  • Body shape : Female bettas have small bodies compared to male bettas. They also have a larger body cavity than that of males. Male betta has elongated bodies, and they are a bit flatter side to side than the females. Female betta has a visible egg spot used for laying eggs while the male doesn’t have a visible egg spot.
  • Beards : Male bettas have a visible beard spot by their gill plate, while female betta’s beard is not very visible.
  • Colour : Males are vividly colored than females. Females also have beautiful colors, but males are more brightly colored. Male bettas appear more colorful than female betters.

Can Betta Fish Live With Other Aquatic Creatures

Bettas can sometimes grow lonely in their tank when they are alone. But you should always know that they are happy being alone. Keeping a female betta in the tank with a male betta isn’t advisable unless during mating season.

Bettas are territorial and aggressive, so they would not want to share their terrain with other fish, although there are aquatic creatures that you can keep with bettas. Bettas, as much as they enjoy being alone, can also enjoy the company of other fish.

If you want to add a betta to the tank, add a female betta to the tank where a male betta is. The female to male ratio should be 1:1. It will reduce the aggression of the male. You shouldn’t add two male betta to the same tank.

You can also add numerous females into a tank with a male. But you should also provide structures for hiding in case the situation turns out to be unexpected. Females are less aggressive so they can dwell together to an extent, unlike males.

Before adding other fish species to the tank of a male betta, you should consider the fish’s characteristics. Bettas do not do well with territorial fishes. So it would be best if you chose a submissive fish. This action enhances their cohabitation.

Fishes like guppies, cory catfish, Kuhli loaches, etc. are suitable tank mates for the bettas. These fishes are easy-going fish that won’t compete with bettas for territory. Bettas also get stressed when other fishes pick on their fins.

They can also live with other aquatic creatures aside from fishes like frogs, snails, ghost shrimp, etc.

Once aggression is noticed in the tank, you should separate the fishes from the betta to maintain a peaceful community.


Putting a male and a female into the same tank is a subjective issue. It depends on the situation at hand. If the situation warrants that you should put them together, you do not have much choice.

But when putting them together in the same tank, you should have some things in mind. It would be best if you always have it in mind that the male is aggressive but less aggressive towards females.

Just the way bettas can accommodate another betta for a while, it can also allow other types of fishes and non-fish species provided that they are compatible in terms of co-habitation.