Angelfish are easy to breed, even for beginners. They are egg layers and can exhibit some unique behavior during breeding. Angelfish are egg layers that choose only suitable points to lay their eggs when it’s time.
Where Do Angelfish Lay Their Eggs
Angelfish usually lay their eggs on horizontal flat surfaces. They mostly prefer the leaf of plants around them or other suitable substrates, and they often clean the surfaces before putting eggs and subsequent fertilization.
After laying eggs, most breeder parents, particularly the males, stand and guide the eggs. They hover over the eggs and fry and ward off invading fish. Angelfish is one of the few aquarium fish that shows parental care.
Egg Stages of Angelfish
Observing the egg stages of Angelfish from spawning to hatching can be appealing. Aside from giving you an insight into the protective ability of the fish, it also helps you to understand their breeding process.
It might not be a new show for experienced breeders, but beginners need to know what to expect during the breeding of their Angelfish. Beginners should pay attention to the behaviors of their breeder parents.
The first stage is the laying of eggs by the female. This process is called spawning. A healthy female Angelfish can lay hundreds of fertile eggs at a time.
Once the female lays the egg, it leaves it for the male to play their part. The male subsequently brushes over the eggs to fertilize them.
In 2-3 days after fertilization, the eggs will transform into larvae. These larvae usually stay curled around the yolk sack. You must be very observant for you to notice this stage.
The last stage of egg development in Angelfish is hatching. Once hatching is done, the first thing you would see is the wigglers. You will still find the larvae attached to the spawning site while the other organs are still under development.
The next stage is for the wigglers to become free swimmers. They achieve this by detaching from the spawning site and consuming the yolk sack.
The complete developmental process from spawning to free-swimming fry takes only about 3-6 days. The time frame often depends on tank conditions.
The free-swimming fry starts their life almost immediately. They often feed on the tiny organisms they find in their tank. As time goes on, they develop love and preference for other live foods and insects.
Will Angelfish Eat Their Eggs?
Angelfish eating their eggs is not a general phenomenon. It is something that can be easily prevented and avoided. It will seldom happen if you pair up good and compatible parents.
All things being equal, Angelfish shows great parental care. They spend a lot of time safeguarding and inspecting their eggs. The parents ward and fight off invading fish, including one of their kinds.
The occasion of Angelfish eating their eggs is dependent on several factors. Most of these factors are dependent on the environmental condition and personality of the parents.
One of the factors that can influence Angelfish to eat their egg is if they are parenting for the first time. First-time parents can find it hard to get it right. Consequently, they may end up eating their eggs out of curiosity.
Stress is another factor that can cause Angelfish to eat their eggs. You can reduce this stress by placing them in a quiet and peaceful environment. Most of their burden is often as a result of noise and movement in their background.
Likewise, allowing your Angelfish to breed in community tanks can force them to eat their eggs. Other fish in the community tank might want to attack their eggs. Consequently, they can grow frustrated by having to guide their eggs every time.
Signs That Show Your Angelfish are Ready to Lay Eggs
One of the qualities that define an excellent aquarist is identifying when your fish is ready to spawn. For Angelfish, it might not be difficult to tell when they are prepared to lay eggs. All you have to do is watch out for some visible signs.
The first sign you would notice is the closeness of a male and female Angelfish. You will find the pairing partners pecking on each other’s caudal and dorsal fins. Likewise, the male and female pair will become highly territorial.
Also, you will notice the pair arranging a secluded area in the tank. This area is to create a space where the fish can lay their eggs.
You can also know when an Angelfish is ready to spawn from the appearance of their body structure. You will often find a bulge or protrusion in the stomach area of the fish when you view it from the top.
Also, you will find the male and female in distinct pairs around the area they prepared for the spawning.
Can Angelfish Lay Eggs Without Males?
Yes, female Angelfish can lay eggs without the presence of males. However, these eggs will not get fertilized without a male; therefore, you shouldn’t expect the development of fry.
The ability of female Angelfish to lay eggs is independent of a male. The fertilization of such eggs is, however, a complete responsibility of the male.
Without fertilization, the eggs will not hatch. Consequently, they will grow an opaque white fungus after dying off instead of developing into fry.
Therefore if you are interested in hatching Angelfish eggs, you need to introduce a male if there are none. If there are an abundant number of males in the tank, the female usually selects the male on their terms.
Breeding is one of the fundamental processes in the aquarium. It is particularly advantageous for aquarists interested in keeping their fries to understand the breeding process of their fish.
Breeding Angelfish is quite natural because they show strong parental concern. Most of their breeding signs are apparent, and they exhibit particular breeding behaviors.
Having in-depth knowledge about these breeding processes will help you know what to expect when your fish is ready to spawn. Also, it will help you to understand the dos and don’ts of Angelfish during spawning.