Endler’s livebearers Care : Everything You Need To Know

Endler’s livebearers are fresh water fish and are typically colourful and are a rare species of the guppy family.

In the wild they are only located in a large lake in Laguna de Patos in Venezuela.  Some believe that they are extinct from the wild.

Endlers Fish

These small colourful fish are easy to keep and mix well with most fish due to there peaceful nature.  They will make a nice addition to any community tank as well as adding a bit of energy to your tank.

Quick Facts

Temperament : Peaceful
Care Level : Easy
Colour : Multi Fluorescent Colors
Diet : Fish Flakes, Blood Worm, Java Moss
Adult Size : 1 – 1.5 inch
Lifespan : 2 – 3 Years
Water Temperature : 75F – 81F
Water Ph : 6.5 – 8.5
Tank Size : Min 5 Gallon

Overview

Endler’s livebearers are a very popular fish to keep due to it mixing well with many different breads of fish and being easy to look after and quite hardy.

It is also popular to cross bread these fish with guppies as they product some really nice looking offspring.

If you are looking to add endler fish to your aquarium make sure you are adding them to a tank full of peaceful fish as they do not get on well with aggressive fish.

Typical Behaviour

Endlers are very active fish, they are always swimming about the tank keeping them self’s busy.  It is recommended to give this fish plenty for tank space so they can spend their time exploring.

Endlers like to be in groups with other Endlers which they will form a pecking order.  Typically females with be more territorial than the males.

Appearance

A Endler livebearer fish looks very similar to a guppy fish in size and appearance.  They are available in many different colours and are very pretty fish, for this reason is is very popular for fish keepers to bread these fish with guppies.

The males usually grow to a slightly larger size than the females.

Endlers Fish Care Guide

Life Span

Endler livebearer will on average live for around two to three years in a home aquarium, Males typically live a little bit longer lifespan than females due to the birthing process can be difficult for them.

To make sure your Endler livebearer has a long life span you will need to make sure the environment for them is free from stress and that certain water conditions are met that I will go through below.

Size

The average size of a full grown Endler livebearer is 1.4 inches (4 cm) Typically males are smaller than the females some times up to 40% smaller.

Sexing

How can you tell if a Endler livebearer is male or female? Males will have patterns of orange, black, green and blue and are typically smaller and more streamlined than females, Females are usually pale green or brown in colour.

Compatible Tank Mates

When mixing Endler livebearer with other fish in a community tank it is important not to mix them with larger fish as they could eat your Endler livebearer fish.

If you want to mix with guppy fish you need to be careful as they will bread with them and your tank could become over run with their fry if you are not careful.

Due to the Endler livebearer calm and peaceful nature they can mix with many different fish.

Compatible tank mates for Endler livebearer fish include

  • White Cloud
  • Gold Fish
  • Guppies
  • Neon Tetra
  • Tiger Barbs
  • Cory Catfish
  • Mollies
  • Cherry Barb

endlers tank mates

Water Conditions

These fish will flourish if kept in the correct water conditions, If the ideal water conditions are not met for this fish they could suffer and will develop issues such as disease, growth issues and many more issues.

These fish are active swimmers and like a tank with lots of swimming area.  They also like to have floating plants to hide in.

Temperature

Ideally, Endler livebearer will need to be kept at a temperature between 75-81°F.  They will survive in water temperature between 64-75°F but they will not thrive.

It is recommended to use an aquarium heater to keep the water temperature at the recommended setting.  If you are after a heater check out the ones available on amazon

If the water temperature is outside the ideal conditions the fish will not thrive and will most likely develop the following conditions

  • Less Likely to breed
  • Less active in tank
  • More vulnerable to disease
  • Reduce lifespan

I recommend that you monitor your aquariums water temperature by using an aquarium digital thermometer.  Check out these ones from amazon

PH Level

The ideal PH Level for Endler livebearer is between 6.5 – 8.5, They will require low to moderate water hardness.

You can monitor your aquariums water using a PH water tester kit available on amazon

Oxygen level

As with most fish it is important for these fish to live in well oxygenated water, For this I recommend to install an air pump in to your aquarium as this will insure that the water is well oxygenated. You can pickup an air pump online from amazon.

Tank Setup

There are certain things we need to consider when we are selecting a tank, we know the needs of this fish are

  • Prefers a lot of space as they are active and love to swim around
  • Each fish can grow up to 1.5 inches in size
  • Needs water temperature of 75F – 81F
  • Likes floating plants
  • Endlers love to jump out of the water, so we will need a tank with a lid

With this information we can now select a tank.

endlers tank setup

Tank Size

The main thing you need to consider when selecting a tank is if your fish will breed?  Endlers are prolific breeders so you will need to accommodate this if there is a chance of them breeding.  If you don’t plan to breed them you can keep them in a minimium of a 5 gallon tank.

How many endler’s to keep in a 5 gallon tank? You can keep 6-8 Endler livebearer fish in a 5 gallon tank, If they start to breed it is recommended to keep them in a 20 gallon tank.

Can Endlers live alone? Yes but it is not recommended to keep them alone.  They will often become a little bit more aggressive and chase away other fish that come near them

If you are looking to purchase a fish aquarium I recommend you check out the aquariums on amazon

Filtration

The cleaner your tank water is the more chance your fish have of thriving and living a happier and healthier life.  I have always used a fluval aquarium filter which I highly recommend, Check them out here

Heater

It is recommended to use an aquarium heater to keep the water temperature at the recommended setting.  If you are after a heater check out the ones available on amazon

I also recommend that you monitor your aquariums water temperature by using an aquarium digital thermometer.  Check out these ones from amazon

Tank Decorations

These fish love a tank that has a lot of plants, especially floating plants.  I would recommend the following plants

  • Java Moss
  • Duckweed
  • Water Sprite
  • Java Fern

Diet

How often do Endler livebearer fish need to be fed? You should feed them two times a day with 2-4 pinches of food. It is not recommended to feed them a larger quantity in one sitting as they will not eat all the food and this will deteriorate the water quality over time.

What should I feed my Endler livebearer? You should feed Endler livebearer fish flakes as this will provide a good balanced diet for them. If you want to give them a treat you can feed them blood worms, frozen or live shrimp and tubifex.

In the wild they eat small insects and algae.  If possible it is a good idea to replicate this in your home aquarium to.

How long can Endler livebearer live without food? Typically an adult Endler livebearer can go up to 2 weeks without food, young fish will survive for about 3-4 days with out food.

Breeding

When the males are ready to breed they will spread their fins and will chase the female fish and also chase off other males.

How to tell if Endler livebearer is pregnant? The easiest way to see if a female Endler livebearer is pregnant is to look at her gravid spot, If it is dark and large then she is pregnant.

In the picture below you can see that she is pregnant.

Endler livebearer gravid spot

These fish are prolific breeders because they can store sperm from males for up to nine months in which they can use to produce fry.

How many fry can a Endler livebearer give birth to? A single female can give birth to anywhere from between 5 to 80 fry.  The female will be pregnant for around 28 days.

Can Endlers mate with guppies? Yes they can, they will produce fry that will contain characteristics from both the endler and guppy fish. They will breed with all types of guppies.

Diseases

The last thing I want to go through is the common diseases these fish could suffer from.

Ich

Ich stands for Ichthyophthirius multifiliis which are small parasites that attach to the outside of the fish.  They will look like small grains of salt.  If your fish are suffering from Ich you can do the following to help them

  • Turn the heating up to 84°F
  • Apply Ich X to the water (Available from amazon)

Tail and Fin Rot

These fish come in some wonderful colours, but that can be spoiled if they have tail and fin rot.  The rot will turn there tail and / or fin black tipped.  If your fish are suffering with this you can do the following to help them.

  • Make sure the water is clean, Perform water changes more frequenct
  • Apply Seachem’s Kanaplex to the water

Frequently Asked Questions

Below are the frequently asked questions about this fish

Are guppies and Endlers the same thing? No they are not, but they have lots in common and look very similar.  They are both peaceful fish and share the same environment conditions which make them perfect to share a community tank together.

Are Endlers schooling fish? Yes they are. They prefer to be in a tank with 6 – 8 endler’s. The like tanks with lots of swimming space as well as floating plants.

Are Endlers fin nippers? No they are not, generally.  They will occasionally nip at another fish if they are provoked or if they are pregnant and want to protect their fry.

Are Endlers extinct in the wild? No, officially they are listed as endangered.  They are only known to be living in a large lake in Laguna de Patos in Venezuela in the wild. A garbage dump has recently been built next to the lake and it is believed this site has now been polluted. Some believe this fish is already extinct in the wild.

Will endler’s eat shrimp? Yes they will, as long as they can swallow the shrimp.  They will have trouble to eat larger shrimp as this fish is quite small in size.